Wednesday, July 26, 2017

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Living with Bears

The following information is from the Colorado Division of Parks and Wildlife:

 

Black bears have lived in the foothills and forests of Colorado since long before the pioneers arrived. Today black bears are trying to share space with an ever-growing human population. With many more people living and playing in bear country, human-bear encounters are on the rise.

Colorado Bears Have People Problems
Every year, bears attracted to human food sources damage property, vehicles and even homes. Bears don’t know they’re doing anything wrong. They’re just following their super-sensitive noses to the most calories they can find.

Bears that find food around homes, campgrounds and communities often lose their natural wariness of people. Even though black bears are not naturally aggressive and seldom attack or injure people, they are still strong, powerful animals. A bear intent on getting a meal could injure someone who gets in its way. Every year bears that have become too comfort­able around people have to be destroyed.

Bears Need Your Help
Colorado Parks and Wildlife is charged with protecting and preserving the state’s wildlife. Every time we must destroy a bear, it’s not just the bear that loses. We all lose a little piece of the wildness that makes Colorado so special.

Black Bears at a Glance 


Bears are intelligent, resourceful and amazing animals.

·  Black is a species, not a color. In Colorado many black bears are blonde, cinnamon or brown.

·  Over 90% of a bear’s natural diet is grasses, berries, fruits, nuts and plants. The rest is primarily insects and scavenged carcasses. 

·  Black bears are naturally shy, and very wary of people and other unfamiliar things. Their normal response to any perceived danger is to run away.

·  In Colorado, most bears are active from mid-March through early November. When food sources dwindle they head for winter dens.

·  With a nose that’s 100 times more sensitive than ours, a bear can literally smell food five miles away.

·  Bears are very smart, and have great memories—once they find food, they come back for more.

·  During late summer and early fall bears need 20,000 calories a day to gain enough weight to survive the winter without eating or drinking.

·  Bears are not naturally nocturnal, but sometimes travel at night in hopes of avoiding humans

 

Only People Can Prevent Problems with Bears


Black bears are curious, smart and very adaptable. They’re not fussy and will eat just about anything with calories. Bears want to get the most energy they can with the least amount of effort. Every bear’s goal is to get fat enough to live through the winter.

 

Bear Calorie Counter

Bird seed (7 lbs) = 12, 180 calories

Dog Food (25 lbs) = 42,425 calories

Peanut Butter (28 oz) = 4,750 calories

Shortening (3 lbs) = 12,430 calories

Berries (1 lb) = 2,000 calories

Most conflicts between people and bears can be traced to easy-to-get-at human food, garbage, pet food, bird seed or other attractants. When people allow bears to find food, a bear’s natural drive to eat can overcome its wariness of humans.

Bears that get too comfortable around people can destroy property or even become a threat to human safety. Habituated bears must often be destroyed. Please don’t let bears die needlessly. Do your part to bear-proof your home and property, and help keep bears alive and wild.

 

Garbage Kills Bears


Much of what people throw away smells like food to a hungry bear. Standard metal or plastic trash cans won’t keep out bears. Once bears learn where it’s easy to get at the garbage, they’ll come back again and again.

Never leave trash or recyclables out overnight. Empty cans and boxes still smell like food. One study showed that simply putting trash out the morning of pick up cuts the chances of a bear visit from 70% to 2%.

If you must leave trash outside, buy a bear-proof container, build a bear-proof enclosure or install an electric fence. To avoid attracting bears, clean con­tainers regularly with ammonia or bleach.

Bears that learn garbage = food sometimes come inside homes looking for more. Don’t make it easy for bears to visit; keep bear-accessible win­dows and doors in your home and garage locked.

 

Help Keep Bears Wild


Get in the habit of being bear-responsible. It’s like recycling — at first it’s a little extra effort, but soon it becomes a better way to live. And you can be proud you’re helping to make Colorado a better place for people and bears.

·  Don’t feed bears, and don’t put out food for other wildlife that attracts bears. 

·  Be responsible about trash and bird feeders.

·  Burn food off barbeque grills and clean after each use.

·  Keep all bear-accessible windows and doors closed and locked, including home, garage and vehicle doors.

·  Don’t leave food, trash, coolers, air fresheners or anything that smells in your vehicle.
n Pick fruit before it ripens, and clean up fallen fruit.

·  Talk to your neighbors about doing their part to be bear-responsible.

If You See a Bear
If a bear comes near your home, do your best to chase it away. Yell, blow a whistle, clap your hands, and make other loud noises. But never approach or corner a bear.

 If the bear is acting aggressively, or becomes a threat to people, pets, livestock or property (other than trash cans), DIAL 911. If the bear is in the area and has become a nuisance, please call our non-emergency number 970.479.2200 for assistance.

 

 All contents of this page are © Colorado Division of Parks and Wildlife "Living with Bears" 2012